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Digital Projects, The Oesper Collections in the History of Chemistry, Portrait Collection, Carl Wilhelm Scheele, 1742-1786

The Oesper Collections in the History of Chemistry, Portrait Collection, University of Cincinnati
Carl Wilhelm Scheele, 1742-1786

Carl Wilhelm Scheele was born in 1742 in Strauslund, Sweden (now part of Germany), and spent his entire life, from age 14 on, working in various apothecaries, doing his chemical research in the evening. In 1777 he published his only book, Chemische Abhandlung von der Luft und dem Feurer, in which he reported on his discovery of "fire air" or oxygen. He also discovered several other gases, including chlorine, ammonia, hydrogen chloride, hydrogen fluoride, silicon tetrafluoride, and trihydrogen arsenide. He is also credited with the discovery of manganese, barium oxide, and glycerol, as well as many organic and inorganic acids, including citric, tartaric, and prussic acid. He died prematurely in 1786 at age 44.

  • Works about Scheele in the Oesper Collections
     
  • Works by Scheele in the Oesper Collections