A Gathering of Nations:
Images from McKenney & Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America

A Selected Bibliography
Alice M. Cornell

McKenney & Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America and The Aboriginal Port-Folio of James Otto Lewis are inextricably linked in the literature of the North American Indian and American printing history.  They appeared almost simultaneously and several of Lewis’ portraits appeared in both publications.  Information about James Otto Lewis and The Aboriginal Port-Folio is most often found in works dealing with McKenney & Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America.

Barratt, Carrie Rebora.
      The Art of Henry Inman.
Washington, D.C.: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; 1987.
Bodmer, Karl 1809-1893.
      Karl Bodmer's America.
Lincoln, Neb.: Joslyn Art Museum & University of Nebraska Press; 1984.

This is a complete catalog of Bodmer’s North American watercolors which are part of the Maximilian-Bodmer Collection at the Joslyn Art Museum. It includes an introduction by William H. Goetzmann, annotations by David C. Hunt and Marsha V. Gallagher, and a biography of the artist by William J. Orr.

Bowers, Shirley H.
      "Captured on Canvas: McKenney-Hall's History of the Indian Tribes of North America."
Florida Historical Quarterly.
1993. Vol. 71, No. 4, pp. 339-347.
Campbell, Janet and Franks, Kenna A.
      "The Wilderness Legacy of James Otto Lewis."
Chronicles of Oklahoma.
1976. Vol. 54, No. 4, pp. 474-488.
Cosentino, Andrew J.
      "Charles Bird King: An Appreciation."
The American Art Journal.
1974 May. Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 54-71.
Cosentino, Andrew J.
      The Paintings of Charles Bird King (1785-1862).
Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press for the National Collection of Fine Arts; 1977.

This is a complete catalog of King’s paintings. Native American Portraits are listed together.

Ewers, John C. John Canfield 1909-1997.
      "Charles Bird King, Painter of Indian Visitors to the Nation's Capital."
Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution for 1953.
Washington, D.C.; 1954; pp. 463-473.

Ewers includes a checklist of North American Indian portraits attributed to King.

Flanagan, John Theodore 1906.
      James Hall: Literary Pioneer of the Ohio Valley.
New York, N.Y.: Russell & Russell; 1971.
Horan, James David, 1914-     .
      The McKenney-Hall Portrait Gallery of American Indians.
New York: Bramhall House, 1986.

This is the only work on McKenney and Hall (with frequent reference to Lewis) which includes reproductions of all portraits in the McKenney & Hall History of the Indian Tribes of North America. It is widely available in libraries and has been reprinted.

The Illustrating Traveler: Adventure and Illustration in North America and the Caribbean 1760-1895.
      A Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library Exhibition Organized by William S. Reese and George Miles.  Last Revised September 4, 1996.

With text and images, this web exhibit provides a superb summary of 19th Century illustrated works on North America.

Josephy, Alvin M., Jr. 1915-     .
      The Artist was a Young Man: The Life Story of Peter Rindisbacher.
Fort Worth, Texas: Amon Carter Museum; 1970.

This is one of the few works on Rindisbacher and the only one in English. It is an excellent summary and beautifully illustrated with Rindisbacher’s works.

Lewis, James Otto, 1799-1858.
      The American Indian Portfolio: An Eyewitness History, 1823-1828.
Kent, Ohio: Volair Limited, 1980.

Editor Philip R. St. Clair has provided the most extensive biographical essay on Lewis and included as much publication information on the Portfolio as was known at that time.  This work is a limited edition and out of print, making it difficult to locate.

McDermott, John Francis, 1902-1981.
      "Indian Portraits: The First Published Collection."
1947. Vol. 52, pp. 320-322.
McDermott, John Francis, 1902-1981.
      "The J. O. Lewis Port Folio."
Minnesota History.
1952. Vol. 33, pp. 20-21.
McDermott, John Francis 1902-1981.
      "Samuel Seymour: Pioneer Artist of the Plains and the Rockies."
Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution for 1950.
Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution; 1951; pp. 497-522.
Miles, Ellen Gross, 1941-     .
      Saint-Mémin and the Neoclassical Profile Portrait in America.
Washington, D.C.: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution Press; 1994.

This is a complete catalog of Saint Mémin's work.

Miles, Ellen Gross, 1941-     .
      "Saint Mémin's Portraits of American Indians, 1804-1807."
The American Art Journal
1988. Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 2-33.
Moore, Robert J. Robert John 1956-     .
      Native Americans: A Portrait: The Art and Travels of Charles Bird King, George Catlin, and Karl Bodmer.
New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang; 1997.

This is a beautifully illustrated summary of the work of the three artists in documenting the North American Indians.

Ravenswaay, Charles Van.
      "A Rare Midwestern Print: Portrait of Daniel Boone."
1943. Vol. 48, pp. 77+.
Viola, Herman J.
      The Indian Legacy of Charles Bird King.
Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1976.

This work is an excellent summary of King's portraits of Indians with much information on the McKenney & Hall title as well as James Otto Lewis. It is widely available in libraries.

Viola, Herman J.
      "Portraits, Presents, and Peace Medals: Thomas L. McKenney and the Indian Visitors to Washington."
American Scene.
1970 Jun; 11.
Viola, Herman J.
      Thomas L. McKenney: Architect of America's Early Indian Policy, 1816-1830.
Chicago, Illinois: Sage Books, 1974.

This is the principal biographical work on McKenney, whose efforts to assemble and publish a gallery of Indian portraits resulted in Lewis' portraits as well as the more comprehensive publication authored with James Hall.

Viola, Herman J.
      "Washington's First Museum: The Indian Office Collection of Thomas L. McKenney."
Smithsonian Journal of History.
1968 Fall; 3:1-18.
Wied, Maximilian Prinz von 1782-1867 and Bodmer, Karl 1809-1893.
      Travels in the Interior of North America During the Years 1832-1834.
Köln (Germany): Taschen; 2001.

This work reproduces the atlas of prints which accompanied the text of Wied’s Travels. Abstracts of the text are included.

Wiet, John Phillip.
      "McKenney-Hall Prints from the History of the Indian Tribes of North America."
1980 Autumn; 5(2):12ff.
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