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12. Shining Oregon Grape (Berberis aquifolium)
Collected: 1806 Apr 11 - Cascades of Columbia River, Oregon
Shining Oregon Grape
Shining Oregon Grape
Margaret H. Fulford Herbarium
University of Cincinnati
Shining Oregon Grape
Shining Oregon Grape
Pursh, Frederick. Flora Americae Septentrionalis.
London: White, Cochrane & Co. 1814.
Archives & Rare Books Department

Description: "There are two species of ever green shrubs which I first met with at the grand rappids of the Columbia and which I have since found in this neighbourhood also [Fort Clatsop]; they grow in rich dry ground not far usually from some watercourse. The stem of the 1st [Shining Oregon Grape] is from a foot to 18 inches high and as large as a goosqu[I]ll; it is simple, unbranc[h]ed and erect. Its leaves are cauline, compound and spreading. The leafets are jointed and oppositely pinnate, 3 pare & terminating in one, sessile, widest at the base and tapering to an accuminated point, an each and a quarter the greatest width, and 3 inches & a 1/4 in length. Each point of their crenate margins armed with a subulate thorn or spine and are from 13 to 17 in number. They are also veined, glossey, carinated and wrinkled; their points obliquely pointing towards the extremity of the common footstalk….The 1st resembles the plant common to many parts of the U'States called the mountain holley" [Lewis. 1806 Feb 11 ] (Thwaites. 1904. Vol. 4, Part 1, pp. 61-62.)

Journal Entry 1806 Apr 11: "…we were told by an Indian who spoke Clatsop, which we had ourselves learnt during the winter, that the Wahclellahs had carried off captain Lewis's dog to their village below. Three men well armed were instantly despatched in pursuit of them, with orders to fire if there was the slightest resistance or hesitation." (Lewis. 1814. Vol. 2, p. 235.)