Description: "The Shallon is the production of a shrub which I have heretofore taken to be a species of loral and mentioned as abounding in this neighbourhood and that the Elk fed much on it's leaves. It generally rises to the hight of 3 feet but not unusually attains to that of 5 feet. It grows very thick and is from the size of a goos quill to that of a man's thumb, celindric, the bark of the older or larger part of the stock is of a redish brown colour while that of the younger branches and succulent shoots are red where most exposed to the sun and green elsewhere." [Lewis. 1806 Feb 8] (Thwaites. 1904. Vol. 4, Part 1, p. 52.)
Journal Entry 1806 Jan 20: "This morning we sent out two parties of hunters in different directions. Soon after we were visited by two Clatsopmen and a woman, who brought several articles to trade…." (Lewis. 1814. Vol. 2, p. 125.)
Notes: Salal is related to rhododendron. It is not as tall, but forms impenetrable thickets. The berries are edible and Native Americans used the leaves for tea. Salal contains methyl salicylate, a mild painkiller.