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27. Canada Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
Collected: 1804 Nov 17 - Fort Mandan, North Dakota
Canada Columbine
Canada Columbine
Barton. William P.C. A Flora of North America.
Archives & Rare Books Department
University of Cincinnati
Canada Columbine
Canada Columbine
Photographer: Victor Soukup
Canada Columbine
Canada Columbine
Photographer: Victor Soukup

Description: "…The seed of a plant given me by the recara chief who accompanyed us to the mandanes. He informed me that a tea of the seed was a strong diaerettic. And that the squaws chewed them and rubed their hair with them as a perfume." [Lewis.] (Thwaites. 1904. Vol. 6, Part 2, p. 149.)

Journal Entry 1804 Nov 17: "Last night was very cold, and the ice in the river to-day is thicker than hitherto. We are totally occupied with our huts, but received visits from several Indians." (Lewis. 1814. Vol. 1, p. 127.)